Photography is an art form and scientific discipline that involves capturing light and other electromagnetic radiation, such as X-rays and infrared, to create visual representations of the world around us. The process of photography begins with the capture of an image using a camera, which records the scene through a lens and stores it on a physical medium, such as film or a digital sensor.

The field of Photography has evolved significantly over the centuries, starting from its inception in the late 19th century to the present day. It is a multifaceted discipline that encompasses various genres such as portrait, landscape, still life, sports, wildlife, fine art, and more. The techniques used by photographers range from traditional processes like darkroom development to digital manipulation using software like Adobe Photoshop. With the advancement of technology, photography has become an essential tool for documenting history, expressing creativity, and communicating ideas across various mediums. It is a powerful means of visual storytelling that can evoke emotions, spark imagination, and inspire change in individuals and societies.